Capital: Kathmandu (Largest City) 27°42’N 85
Official Language: Nepali
Demonym: Nepali, Nepalese, Gurkhas
Government: Federal Parliamentary Republic
Legislature: Constituent Assembly
Kingdom declared 25 September 1768
State declared: 15 January 2007
Republic declared: 28 May 2008
Total 147,181 square kilometres/ 56,827 sq mi (95th)
2021 census 29,192,480
Density 204.07/ square Kilometers
GDP (PPP) 2021 estimate
Total $ 36.29 billion
Per Capita $1222.88
GDP (Nominal) 2021 estimate
Time Zone: NPT (UTC +5:45)
Diversion the left
Calling Code: +977
ISO 3166 Code: NP
Internet TLD: .np
Nepal, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked sovereign state located in South Asia. Nepal is situated within latitude 26° 22′ N to 30°27′ N and longitude 80°4E to 88°12’ E. with an area of 147,181 square kilometres (56,827 sq mi). Its Shape is roughly rectangular about 885km long from East to West and about 200km wide from North to South and occupies 0.3 and 0.03% of the land area of Asia and the world respectively. The population of Nepal is approximately 27 million (and nearly 2 million absentee workers living abroad), Nepal is the world’s 93rd largest country by land mass and the 41st most populous country. It is located in the Himalayas and bordered to the north by the People’s Republic of China, and to the south, east, and west by the Republic of India. Kathmandu is the nation’s capital and largest metropolis.
The mountainous north of Nepal has eight of the world’s ten tallest mountains, including the highest point on Earth, Mount Everest, called Sagarmatha in Nepali. It contains more than 240 peaks over 20,000 ft (6,096 m) above sea level. The southern Terai region is fertile and humid. Lumbini, the birthplace of Lord Gautam Buddha, is located in this region. Lumbini is one of the holiest places of one of the world’s great religions, and its remains contain important evidence about the nature of Buddhist pilgrimage centres from as early as the 3rd century BC.
Hinduism is practised by about 81.3% of Nepalis, making it the country with the highest percentage of Hindus. Buddhism is linked historically with Nepal and is practised by 16%, Kirat by 5.1%, Islam by 4.4%, Christianity by 1.4%, and animism by 0.4%. A large section of the population, especially in the hill region, even though they follow Hindu customs, may identify themselves as both Hindu as well as Buddhist which can be attributed to the syncretic nature of Hinduism and Buddhism in Nepal.